Baal

Although the word simply means ‘lord’ or ‘master’, it was used as the proper noun for the principal object of Canaanite worship. Baal was a fertility and agricultural god, and according to the Deuteronomist historian the Israelites were constantly tempted to transfer their religious allegiance from Yahweh, who they believed had led them out of Egypt and through the wilderness, to a god who could perhaps promote good yields of corn and grapes. Some personal names contain the word baal, even a son of David (1 Chron. 14:7). Baal was also thought to encourage erotic adventures which the prophets condemned, so that the Deuteronomist historian is delighted when a Baal temple is destroyed (2 Kgs. 11:18) and the followers of Baal routed (1 Kgs. 18:20–40). However, Baalism survived, and again it was extirpated in the reforms of Josiah (2 Kgs. 23:4–5).
Much of the available information about Baal arises from the Ras Shamra texts of the 15th cent. BCE, in which he is said to have a consort, Anat. In Palestine the consort was Asherah (Judg. 3:7) or Astarte (Judg. 10:6)—distinct beings in the eyes of their worshippers.
The conflict between Yahweh and Baalism was for the people's allegiance: was it to a transcendent God with ethical demands? Or was it to a Canaanite god immanent in nature? But transcendent Yahweh could also be acceptably worshipped as the one who ‘rides on the wings of the wind’ (Ps. 104:3); and the worship of Baal also had ethical implications.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Baal — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Baal de Ugarit, Louvre. Baal (semítico cananeo: Baʕal [ …   Wikipedia Español

  • BAAL — Divinité adorée dans de nombreuses communautés du Proche Orient antique, spécialement par les Cananéens, qui semblent en avoir fait un dieu de la fertilité. Le terme sémitique baal (en hébreu, ba‘al ) signifiait «possesseur» ou «seigneur», bien… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Baâl — Baal Pour les articles homonymes, voir Baal (homonymie). Stèle de Baal au foudre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baal — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Jan van Baal (1909–1992), niederländischer Ethnologe und Gouverneur von Niederländisch Neuguinea (1953–1958) Johann Baal (1657–1701), deutscher Komponist des Barock Karin Baal, (* 1940), deutsche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baal — 〈m.; s, e od. im; im Vorchristentum〉 westsemit. Gottheit des Sturms u. der Fruchtbarkeit [hebr.] * * * Baal: semitischer Wetter u. Himmelsgott. * * * I Baal   [auch baːal, westsemitisch ba̒lu, hebräisch ba̒al »Herr«] der, s/ e und ...lim, bei den …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Baal (EP) — Baal Мини альбом Дэвида Боуи …   Википедия

  • Baal [1] — Baal (babyl. Bel), 1) in der phönicischen Mythologie der oberste Gott, während Baaltis od. Astarte die oberste Göttin war. B. ist die Sonne, u. als solche die durch Licht u. Wärme die Natur beherrschende Macht; bei den Sabäern der Planet Jupiter; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Baal — era una divinidad (probablemente el sol) de varios pueblos situados en Asia Menor y su influencia: los cananeos, los caldeos, los babilonios, los sidonios y los israelitas. Su significado se aproxima al de amo o señor. En la Biblia Baal (בעל… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baal — Ba al (b[=a] al), n.; Heb. pl. {Baalim} ( [i^]m). [Heb. ba al lord.] 1. (Myth.) The supreme male divinity of the Phoenician and Canaanitish nations. [1913 Webster] Note: The name of this god occurs in the Old Testament and elsewhere with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • baal — baal; baal·ism; baal·ist·ic; baal·ite; baal·ize; baal·shem; …   English syllables

  • Baal I — was the king of Tyre (680 660 BC). His name is the same as that of the Phoenician deity, Baal. He was tributary to the Assyrians, who had conquered the rest of Phoenicia, and sent his son Yehawmelek to Ashurbanipal (r. 668 627 BC) with heavy… …   Wikipedia

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